From Just War to Modern Peace Ethics. Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte

Ein­zel­pu­bli­ka­tio­nen · Band-Nr.: 120

This book rewri­tes the histo­ry of Chris­ti­an peace ethics. Chris­ti­an reflec­tion on redu­cing vio­lence or over­co­m­ing war has roots in anci­ent Roman phi­lo­so­phy and even­tual­ly grew to influ­ence modern inter­na­tio­nal law. This his­to­ri­cal over­view begins with Cice­ro, the source of Chris­ti­an aut­hors like Augus­ti­ne and Tho­mas Aqui­nas. It is high­ly deba­t­a­ble whe­ther Augus­ti­ne had a sys­te­ma­tic inte­rest in just war or whe­ther his wri­tings were used to deve­lop a sys­te­ma­tic just war tea­ching only by the later tra­di­ti­on. May Chris­ti­ans jus­ti­fia­b­ly use for­ce to over­co­me dis­or­der and achie­ve peace? The book traces the clas­si­cal deba­te from Tho­mas Aqui­nas to ear­ly modern-age thin­kers like Vito­ria, Sua­rez, Mar­tin Luther, Hugo Gro­ti­us and Imma­nu­el Kant. It high­lights the diver­si­ty of the approa­ches of theo­lo­gi­ans, phi­lo­so­phers and lawy­ers. Modern cos­mo­po­l­i­tia­nism and inter­na­tio­nal law-thinking, it shows, are roo­ted in the Spa­nish Scho­lastics, whe­re Gro­ti­us and Kant each found the inspi­ra­ti­on to inau­gu­ra­te a modern peace ethic. In the 20th cen­tu­ry the tra­di­ti­on has taken aim not only at redu­cing vio­lence and over­co­m­ing war but at deve­lo­ping a con­struc­ti­ve ethic of peace buil­ding, as is reflec­ted in Pope John Paul II’s teaching.

Prof. Dr. Heinz-Gerhard Jus­ten­ho­ven, Wil­liam A. Bar­bie­ri - Jr.
ISBN 978-3110291773 // Paper­back: 978-3110488487 · Ber­lin / Bos­ton · 2012