The Peace Ethics of Luigi Taparelli D’Azeglio

Taparelli_Schrage-1
Source: PIRRI P., Car­teg­gi del P. Lui­gi Tapa­rel­li d’Azeglio, Turin 1932; first paper.

One of the institute’s rese­arch focal points is a his­to­ri­cal rewor­king of the peace ethics tra­di­ti­on. Just as wes­tern thought is, in gene­ral, roo­ted in anti­qui­ty, so too is the theo­lo­gi­cal and phi­lo­so­phi­cal tra­di­ti­on in rela­ti­on to the issu­es of peace and war. Sin­ce then, every era – from the Midd­le Ages and Modern Age up until today – has wrest­led with the ques­ti­on of how war, peace and jus­ti­ce should stand in rela­ti­on to one ano­t­her. One of the cen­tral ques­ti­ons is whe­ther it is ethi­cal­ly right or can even be necessa­ry to use vio­lent war­fa­re to achie­ve peace and, if this is so, under which con­di­ti­ons. The aim of this pro­ject is to for­mu­la­te the results of this exami­na­ti­on and the histo­ry if its influ­ence. This will reveal the roots of our con­tem­pora­ry thought pro­ces­ses and widen our per­spec­tive through the results of ear­lier reflec­tions. Pro­found know­ledge of the past, in light of con­tem­pora­ry pro­blems, opens up the hori­zon for future solu­ti­ons.

Over the past 30 years, ithf has deve­lo­ped important peace ethics milestones: from Cice­ro to Augus­ti­ne, Tho­mas of Aquin, Fran­cis­co de Vito­ria, Bar­to­lo­mé de Las Casas, Dom­in­go de Soto, Fran­cis­co Suá­rez up to the tea­chings of the 20th cen­tu­ry. The renow­ned libra­ry of the peace ethics tra­di­ti­on has grown so much that, even world­wi­de, it can­not be riva­led.

Sin­ce ear­ly 2016 we have been working on a small, part-time pro­ject about Lui­gi Tapa­rel­li D’Azeglio (1793 – 1862). The Jesu­it, from a noble Pied­mon­te­se fami­ly, taught for many years in Paler­mo, whe­re he wro­te his main work, which was based in natu­ral law. From 1850 onwards he belon­ged, on the wis­hes of Pope Pius IX, to the foun­ding edi­tors of the cul­tu­ral maga­zi­ne La Civil­tà Cat­to­li­ca, through which the church should actively and fun­da­ment­al­ly par­ti­ci­pa­te in con­tem­pora­ry dis­cour­se. The popes Leo XIII until Pius XI decla­red Tapa­rel­li and his natu­ral law based thin­king as being major­ly influ­en­ti­al. Howe­ver, inter­na­tio­nal­ly, the­re has only been minor aca­de­mic recep­ti­on to his works. In con­trast to the lack of recep­ti­on to his works, his thin­king stands out in many ways which mar­ked­ly trans­cend his own time; with regards to the orga­ni­za­ti­on and the acqui­si­ti­on of respon­si­bi­li­ty at inter­na­tio­nal and supra­na­tio­nal levels, for examp­le.

All of this has allo­wed him to beco­me, for us, a point of con­junc­tu­re in the peace ethics tra­di­ti­on.

Project Supervisor

Dr. Mar­co Schrage